REPORT: Media and democracy in sub-Saharan Africa

Democracy and press freedom have been natural companions, but the relationship between the two has been closely entwined in sub-Saharan Africa, write Herman Wasserman,  and Nicholas Benequista, both of Centre for Film and Media Studies (CIMA), University of Cape Town.  The report sheds light on how the struggle for vibrant, independent, and plural media systems in … Continued


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ARTICLE: New Zealand’s media is converging beyond ownership concentration

Ownership concentration is not the only relevant measure of media convergence, although it is the only form that has been researched in the New Zealand context, Merja Myllylahti, of Auckland University of Technology, writes. Myllylahti analysed a host of studies, corporate documents and press reports in order to map out how different forms of convergence … Continued


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ARTICLE: Central and Eastern Europe has three types of media systems

Can the media system typology famously proposed by Daniel Hallin and Paolo Mancini (2004) be applied to Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries? This question was put to the test by a group of researchers based in Switzerland and Germany. They applied the framework to 11 CEE countries and conducted a series of statistical tests … Continued


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ARTICLE: The bigger and more powerful a country is, the less foreign news it produces

Many factors influence the volume of foreign news reported in different countries. The new study by Miki Tanikawa of Akita International University, Japan, takes a macro-level look at the issue. Tanikawa studied countries’ size and strengths as determinants of foreign news volume. The researcher used secondary data from two recent international studies on television news … Continued


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ARTICLE: Political ownership indirectly influences journalists’ work in Indonesia

What is the state of media freedom in Indonesia, a rarely studied country in communication research? Mala Ekayanti and Hao Xiaoming, both of Nanyang Technological University, studied how the political ownership of newspapers affects journalists practicing their professional values in daily work. The authors conducted a survey of 225 newspaper journalists from six newspapers in … Continued


Blind spots of regional media in Norway - Lisbeth Morlandstø interview

VIDEO: Blind spots of regional media in Norway

Lisbeth Morlandstø, Professor of Journalism at Nord University, Norway, talks about her research on regional media and opinion-based journalism in Norway. She has studied how the opinion-based journalism is filling some gaps that the narrowing scope of the regional media is not covering. She also tells about her new study about local journalism in Norway, … Continued



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ARTICLE: The relationships between PR and journalists in Germany

Relationships between journalists and PR practitioners are complex. Thomas Koch, of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Magdalena Obermaier and Claudia Riesmeyer, both of Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, conducted a survey to which 835 journalists and 601 public relations practitioners in Germany responded, looking at how public relations exerts power over journalists. The research studies six bases of … Continued


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ARTICLE: Divided reporting of the Occupy Central Movement protests in Hong Kong

The Occupy Central Movement protests in Hong Kong in 2014 divided the local media in their stance: some applauded the fight for democracy, others condemned the actions. William Dezheng Feng, of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, investigated reports from four major Chinese newspapers in Hong Kong, using an attitude framework. The news articles’ attitudes toward … Continued


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ARTICLE: Four ways to control media by government funding

“Regulation, legislation, physical attacks, and threats against journalists or media owners are effective methods used to capture the media. But funding is arguably the most effective method of all”, Marius Dragomir, of Central European University (CEU) in Hungary, argues. The article describes trends in how governments use funding to control media, directly and indirectly. There … Continued