Picture: Al Jazeera Arabic Channel by Enda Nasution, license CC BY-NC 2.0

ARTICLE: Perceptions of audience shaping Al Jazeera’s news

What do journalists imagine their audiences are like, and how does this affect their work? Julian Matthews of the University of Leicester, and Maiya Al Habsi of Al-Bayan College, studied the topic in a non-national and more global context. They examined news professionals’ perceptions of the Arab news audience at Al Jazeera, and how it … Continued

Picture: Rio 2016: Artistic gymnastics - men's qualification by Sander van Kinkel, license CC BY-SA 2.0

ARTICLE: US and China covered 2016 Olympic gymnastics very differently

Olympic Games are inherently nationalized competitions. Despite their differences, both the US network NBC and Chinese CCTV prioritize gymnastics coverage during the Summer Olympics. Andrew Billings and Qingru Xu of the University of Alabama, James R. Angelini of the University of Delaware and Paul J. MacArthur of Utica College, did a content analysis of 23 … Continued

Terrarium by Sonny Abesamis, licence CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: “News ecosystem” is not a neutral term

The commonly used term “news ecosystem” is not devoid of normative assumptions, but instead invokes ideological interpretation, Anthony Nadler, of Ursinus College, writes. Nadler’s essay chronicles how the term was imported from ecology to media studies, and critically analyses its use. The metaphor is not without merits, as it puts emphasis on the interconnections of … Continued

Picture: Channel by Mike Cartmell, license CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Alternative narratives of journalism in crisis from Singapore and Hong Kong

Much research on the crisis of journalism has been done in the Anglo-American context. Less is known about alternative media systems. Shangyuan Wu of Nanyang Technological University, examined Singapore and Hong Kong. These ‘global cities’ are exposed to Western liberal ideals but are still under a sort of authoritarian control. The research used a framework … Continued

Picture: Auditorium by Mikael Kristenson, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Journalism produces its own kind of gendered institution

Many previous studies on journalism have overlooked journalism as a gendered institution, argue Iiris Ruoho and Sinikka Torkkola of the University of Tampere, in a new study. The gendered institution of journalism can be seen either as an externally or internally constructed object. Journalism and gender should not be kept apart, but their relation can … Continued

Picture: DSC00227 by Andrew Writer, license CC BY 2.0, cropped, colored

ARTICLE: Both US and Chinese journalists embrace attribution

Plagiarism in journalism is treated in varying ways. Do attitudes towards it travel across national and cultural boundaries? Norman P. Lewis of the University of Florida, Bu Zhong of Pennsylvania State University, Fan Yang of State University New York and Yong Zhou of Renmin University of China, compared 1,096 professional journalists who answered a survey … Continued

REPORT: Media and democracy in sub-Saharan Africa

Democracy and press freedom have been natural companions, but the relationship between the two has been closely entwined in sub-Saharan Africa, write Herman Wasserman,  and Nicholas Benequista, both of Centre for Film and Media Studies (CIMA), University of Cape Town.  The report sheds light on how the struggle for vibrant, independent, and plural media systems in … Continued

Untitled by bstad, licence CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: New Zealand’s media is converging beyond ownership concentration

Ownership concentration is not the only relevant measure of media convergence, although it is the only form that has been researched in the New Zealand context, Merja Myllylahti, of Auckland University of Technology, writes. Myllylahti analysed a host of studies, corporate documents and press reports in order to map out how different forms of convergence … Continued