Picture: Stop by Sunny Lapin, license CC BY-SA 2.0

ARTICLE: Deciding which news to trust among competing narratives in Ukraine

With contradictory strategic narratives from different parties and governments, propaganda and disinformation, Ukraine’s news media environment has been a difficult one to analyze properly. Joanna Szostek of Royal Holloway, University of London, investigated how Ukrainian people decide where to get their news and what to believe. The author gathered 30 audio-diaries and in-depth interviews with … Continued

Picture: untitled by Christina Gottardi, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Institutional constraints cause varying forms of censorship towards critical journalism

Andrew Kennis of Universidad Iberoamericana, México, studied “whether institutional constraints are more powerful than standardized journalistic norms and practices in determining news content”, also looking at news media independence from poweful corporate and state interests in the United States. The author examines the theoretical tension between two models of media analysis – the indexing and … Continued

Untitled by Davie Bicker, licence CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Four types of “fake news”

So-called fake news have become a widely discussed topic especially since the 2016 presidential elections in the United States. The concept and the term, however, are older, write Edson C. Tandoc Jr., Zheng Wei Lim and Richard Ling, all of Nanyang Technological University. The authors searched for scholarly articles using the term and analysed the … Continued


CFP | 31.10. | Why is the modern world so susceptible to fake news?

The journal Policy and Internet is calling for articles for its upcoming special issue on fake news. Entitled “Reframing ‘Fake News’: Architectures, Influence, and Automation”, the issue is scheduled for publication in September 2018. The guest editors outline the issue’s scope as being: “1) the role of platforms and their architectures and interfaces 2) the … Continued

Fake Fox News Camera and Cameraman by Michael Dolan, licence CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Fox News should not be considered as journalism

Scholarship on journalism often includes the American cable channel Fox News, but in reality the channel’s output is best described as propaganda rather than journalism, Mitchell T. Bard, of Iona College, argues. The author analysed the channel’s three prime time current affairs programs, The O’Reilly Factor, Hannity, and On the Record with Greta Van Susteren. … Continued

Rush hour at Guomao by Jens Schott Knudsen, licence CC BY-NC 2.0

ARTICLE: How the Chinese state brushes aside social problems

The Chinese state media uses ritualistic framing to distract public attention from the social issues related to the annual Spring Festival homecoming, writes Meng Li, of Loyola Marymount University. The author analysed the coverage of the 2013-2014 Spring Festival on a morning show on the state-controlled CCTV-2 channel. The Spring Festival is an annual celebration … Continued


CFP | 31.5. | History of “fake news” in print

A conference entitled “‘Fake news!’: an historical perspective” is calling for paper proposals. The event is organised by the Newspaper and Periodical History Forum of Ireland (NPHFI), and will take place on the 10th and 11th of November 2017 in Newcastle, United Kingdom. As suggested by the organiser’s title, the event is particularly interested in … Continued

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ARTICLE: For a while, Reuters pushed the Russian narrative of Ukraine

The news agency Reuters’ coverage of the Ukrainian crisis closely followed the line of the Russian state-controlled ITAR-TASS news agency, an analysis by Kohei Watanabe, of London School of Economics, reveals. Watanabe algorithmically analysed 9 281 news stories dealing with democracy in Ukraine, published by four news agencies in 2013 and 2014. The three Western … Continued

Picture: Ukraine: Survival on the frontline by People in Need, Nikishina, Ukraine, March 2015, license CC BY-ND 2.0

ARTICLE: Various frames to the Eastern Ukraine conflict

The coverage of the Eastern Ukraine conflict varied considerably depending on different countries’ news. Nataliya Roman of the University of North Florida, Wayne Wanta of the University of Florida and Iuliia Buniak of the internet publication Obozrevatel studied how the conflict was portrayed in major Russian (Channel One Russia), Ukrainian (1 + 1), and American … Continued

Picture: Ukraine: Survival on the frontline by European Commission, license CC BY-ND 2.0

ARTICLE: Four roles of war reporters on Twitter

The new environment of war correspondents is characterised by instant messaging, borderless interaction and information warfare. Markus Ojala and Mervi Pantti of the University of Helsinki and Jarkko Kangas of the University of Tampere studied how correspondents enact their professional roles in various ways via Twitter. The authors studied the tweets of three Finnish war … Continued