ARTICLE: Egypt’s media missed its opportunity to reform

Egyptian media enjoyed a brief period of relative freedom after the 2011 revolution that ousted then-president Hosni Mubarak. However, journalists failed to reform their professional identities and the media system, which lead to the media’s descent into highly polarized political parallelism – and eventual regression back into the new regime’s servitude. Fatima el Issawi, of … Continued


ARTICLE: Fact-checkers cannot transcend partisan divides

Americans’ views of fact-checking sites are highly politicized, Michigan State University researchers Craig T. Robertson, Rachel R. MourĂ£o and Esther Thorson write. They surveyed a representative sample of 1 033 Americans over their views on and use of fact-checking sites. People who self-identified as liberals or who consumed liberal or mainstream news were more favourable … Continued


Picture: untitled by Sora Sagano, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: The first year of reporting #MeToo in Indian English language press focused on celebrity stories

A new research article by Suman Mishra of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, examines the phenomenon of news domestication and shows how hashtag activism originating in one country can have very different resonance in another. Mishra did a textual analysis of 641 news articles from five prominent English language newspapers: The Hindustan Times, The Times of … Continued


ARTICLE: Most media inform better than mobile news apps

Citizens gain more political knowledge from almost any other news media than mobile news applications, a study on Danes discovered. Jakob Ohme, of University of Amsterdam, conducted a large-scale survey during the 2015 Danish election campaign. Over 9 000 people participated in the study, but only 1 108 completed both pre- and post-election surveys and … Continued


ARTICLE: Russian Sputnik’s three strategies against Sweden

The Russian government-sponsored broadcaster Sputnik has consistently attacked Sweden since 2014, Charlotte Wagnsson and Costan Barzanje, both of Swedish Defence University, write. They analysed 208 Sputnik news stories featuring the word “Sweden” in their title, published between 2014-2018. The stories comprised one consistent narrative: “Sweden in decline”. Further, Wagnsson and Barzanje identified a host of … Continued


ARTICLE: Autocracies are not the most dangerous places for journalists

Most journalists are killed in so-called “hybrid regimes”, Sallie Hughes, of University of Miami, and Yulia Vorobyeva, of Florida International University, found. They came to the conclusion after analyzing all journalists’ deaths on record from the past quarter century. The Committee to Protect Journalists’ database includes 1 812 journalists’ deaths from 1992-2016. Most of these … Continued


ARTICLE: Populist rhetoric on immigrants is more common in Danish than in Swedish or Norwegian press

Danish newspapers are noticeably more populist in writing about immigration than their Swedish or Norwegian counterparts, Hilmar Mjelde and Jan Fredrik Hovden, both of University of Bergen, write. They analysed over 4 000 newspaper articles on immigration, published since 1970 in the three countries. The authors operationalized “populism” as calls for (or celebrations of) strong … Continued


ARTICLE: Business interests are more prominent in news than thought

Business interests have much greater presence in news than previously thought, University of Amsterdam researchers Ellis Aizenberg and Marcel Hanegraaff write. The authors analysed of over 350 000 British and Dutch newspaper articles, taking into account which “organized interests” were present in them. Earlier studies had shown business interests’ presence in the news was not … Continued


ARTICLE: Fact-checking works, but not very well

Research indicates that fact-checking is usually able to correct the audience’s perceptions, a team of researchers found. Nathan Walter, of Northwestern University, Jonathan Cohen and Yasmin Morag, both of University of Haifa, and R. Lance Holbert, of Temple University (author names not in original order) carried out a meta-analysis of recent research on the effectiveness … Continued