Picture: Replanting small plants by Daniel Hjalmarsson, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Constructive journalism defined

News media’s tendency to focus on bad news can have many negative effects for news consumers. A new article proposes shifting focus from conflict and negativity to a more productive approach. Karen McIntyre, of Virginia Commonwealth University, and Cathrine Gyldensted of Open Eyes Institute, define the term constructive journalism and point out issues that show … Continued



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ARTICLE: Popular Spanish news and talk radio programmes blend advertising with journalistic content

According to a report published in 2017, radio is the most reliable news source in Spain and radio journalists have considerable social influence to a lot of listeners. Sometimes radio hosts or collaborators also act as advertising endorsers. Clara Muela-Molina and Eva Reinares-Lara of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, and Josefa D. Martín-Santana of Universidad de … Continued


Untitled by Kai Kalhh, licence CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: For Swiss journalists, ideals and practice do not meet

Do journalists produce journalism that matches their ideals and their self-reported work practices? Patric Raemy and Daniel Beck, both of University of Fribourg, with Lea Hellmueller, of University of Houston, investigated the question by comparing journalists’ role conceptions and their actual output. The authors analysed 519 news articles published by five Swiss newspapers and three … Continued


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ARTICLE: Despite fewer aviation incidents, relative media attention increased over time in the Netherlands

Do the news portray a distorted world image when reporting menace? ask Toni G. L. A. van der Meer, Anne C. Kroon, Piet Verhoeven and Jeroen Jonkman, all of the University of Amsterdam. To answer this, the researchers did a longitudinal study from 1991 to 2015 about media coverage of aviation incidents. The authors conducted … Continued


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ARTICLE: Learning and knowing at a public broadcasting company

Journalistic practice should be seen as open-ended and performative, rather than fixed and routine, a new study states. Aare Värk and Eneli Kindsiko of the University of Tartu studied on-the-job learning and knowing in journalistic practice, following the work at Estonian Public Broadcasting. The researchers did a year-long ethnographic study including 19 on-site observation sessions, … Continued


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ARTICLE: Taiwanese female journalists face online harassment

Many Taiwanese female journalists have to deal with gendered online harassment and incivility in their work. Paromita Pain and Victoria Chen of the University of Texas at Austin, interviewed 25 female journalists on how they negotiate gender and professional identities. Taiwanese media is one of the freest media in Asia, but also one of the … Continued


Newsroom of the New York Times newspaper by Marjory Collins, licence CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Political journalists differ from others, but not much

Do political journalists stand apart in how they perceive their job and its requirements? Jari Väliverronen, of University of Tampere, studied Finnish political journalists by analysing survey data gathered originally for the Worlds of Journalism study. Väliverronen’s data consisted of two survey samples: the first covered journalists in general (N=345) and the second targeted political … Continued


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ARTICLE: Both US and Chinese journalists embrace attribution

Plagiarism in journalism is treated in varying ways. Do attitudes towards it travel across national and cultural boundaries? Norman P. Lewis of the University of Florida, Bu Zhong of Pennsylvania State University, Fan Yang of State University New York and Yong Zhou of Renmin University of China, compared 1,096 professional journalists who answered a survey … Continued


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ARTICLE: The moral panic about ‘fake news’ in South Africa

Proliferation of fake news websites and fake social media accounts have raised concerns also in South Africa. The phenomenon should not be understood outside of its particular contexts of production and consumption, writes Herman Wasserman of the University of Cape Town. The study provides an exploratory overview of different types of media output. A very … Continued