ARTICLE: How activist citizen journalists fight state surveillance in Turkey

Since the failed coup in 2016, the Turkish state has increased surveillance of activists and journalists. How do activist citizen journalists manage their work in such an increasingly hostile environment? Bora Ataman and Barış Çoban, both of Doğuş University, interviewed 22 activist citizen journalists and representatives of alternative new media initiatives, all working in Istanbul, … Continued


Picture: No more words by Katie Tegtmeyer, license CC BY 2.0, cropped

ARTICLE: Index on Censorship advocating for freedom of expression

The magazine Index on Censorship has since 1972 provided a platform for identifying, highlighting and challenging censorship and abuses against freedom of expression. It has been one of the most important freedom of speech or anti-censorship publications in the world, a new study states. John Steel of the University of Sheffield, examined the inception and … Continued


Picture: Channel by Mike Cartmell, license CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Alternative narratives of journalism in crisis from Singapore and Hong Kong

Much research on the crisis of journalism has been done in the Anglo-American context. Less is known about alternative media systems. Shangyuan Wu of Nanyang Technological University, examined Singapore and Hong Kong. These ‘global cities’ are exposed to Western liberal ideals but are still under a sort of authoritarian control. The research used a framework … Continued


REPORT: Media and democracy in sub-Saharan Africa

Democracy and press freedom have been natural companions, but the relationship between the two has been closely entwined in sub-Saharan Africa, write Herman Wasserman,  and Nicholas Benequista, both of Centre for Film and Media Studies (CIMA), University of Cape Town.  The report sheds light on how the struggle for vibrant, independent, and plural media systems in … Continued


Picture: Wall Street Journal Corporate Headquarters by John Wisniewski, license CC BY-ND 2.0

ARTICLE: Change of ownership increased political content in the front pages of Wall Street Journal

Relatively more political stories were being promoted after Rupert Murdoch took over the Wall Street Journal (WSJ), a study by Allison M. Archer, of the University of Richmond, and Joshua Clinton, of Vanderbilt University, shows. They examined how ownership influences media behavior by researching the impact of Murdoch’s purchase of the newspaper in August 2007. … Continued


Picture: Plenário do Senado by Senado Federal, license CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Brazilian elites using the Fourth Estate discourse for their own benefit

Studies regarding media and politics in Latin America usually presume that the press naturally protects the interests of common citizens against corruption and political abuses. A new study by Afonso de Albuquerque of Fluminense Federal University, Brazil, looks at this issue from another point-of-view: the cases where the free press is actually conspiring against the … Continued


Untitled by skeeze, licence CC0 1.0

REPORT: Fighting impunity is crucial for journalists’ future safety

Making sure attacks against journalists do not go unpunished is “key to long term safety”, a recent report states. The report was published by the NGO International Media Support (IMS), and it details the state of journalists’ protection in seven countries: the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, Iraq, Nepal, Colombia and Afghanistan. Collaborative efforts between journalists, civil … Continued



Picture: untitled by Christina Gottardi, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Institutional constraints cause varying forms of censorship towards critical journalism

Andrew Kennis of Universidad Iberoamericana, México, studied “whether institutional constraints are more powerful than standardized journalistic norms and practices in determining news content”, also looking at news media independence from poweful corporate and state interests in the United States. The author examines the theoretical tension between two models of media analysis – the indexing and … Continued


Picture: untitled by JamesWahome, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Most Kenyan journalists enjoy a fair amount of journalistic autonomy

Most Kenyan journalists feel they have freedom to decide what to include in news. Kioko Ireri, of United States International University Africa, conducted a survey in 2012-2013 with 504 Kenyan journalists working in various media, asking about news selection decisions, media freedom and autonomy. 59% of respondents believe there is enough media freedom in Kenya. … Continued