Picture: Man reading newspaper by Kaboompics, Karolina, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: The effect of format and source type on how people select news

A growing competition for audiences and the proliferation of new sources, sometimes less credible, have changed how people read news. Are the concerns over news consumption specific to the medium on which people get their news? ask George D.H. Pearson and Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick of the Ohio State University. The researchers looked for differing patterns of … Continued


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ARTICLE: Journalism job postings demand an increasing repertoire of skills

The required skill sets for people working in journalism are continually expanding. At the same time, career prospects of journalism students exceed the usual meanings of “journalism” work. Deb Halpern Wenger and Jason Cain of the University of Mississippi, and Lynn C. Owens of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (authors not in … Continued


Sandy Hook Elementary School memorial, by Andrew Gardecki, licence CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

ARTICLE: US newspapers focus on mass shooters, not their victims

American newspapers’ front pages show more pictures of mass shooters than their victims, Nicole Smith Dahmen, of University of Oregon, writes. Dahmen studied the photographs on 3 821 front pages, published after three separate mass shootings. The mass shootings selected for the sample were the Virginia Tech shooting (2007), Sandy Hook elementary school shooting (2012) … Continued


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ARTICLE: Americans are not that interested in fake news, after all

Few Americans are deeply invested in consuming so-called fake news, Jacob L. Nelson, of Northwestern University, and Harsh Taneja, of University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, write. The authors analysed the browsing data collected from one million Americans before and after the 2016 presidential elections. Nelson and Taneja compared online traffic to established news websites (e.g. New … Continued


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PAPER: Recognizing fake news can be effectively crowdsourced

The volume of inaccurate or false information is too much to filter by designated fact-checkers, Gordon Pennycook and David G. Rand, both of Yale University, argue. Could the task, then, be crowdsourced? Pennycook and Rand conducted an online experiment with 1 010 Americans by asking them to rate the trustworthiness of 60 news sources. The … Continued


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ARTICLE: US national discourse has constructed China as a potential enemy ‘Other’

China is arguably the most important partner and rival for the United States. Su-Mei Ooi of Butler University, and Gwen D’Arcangelis of Skidmore College, look at the US news and political discourse about China, and how China is being ‘othered’. The researchers analyzed official policy documents, statistics and other texts along with news media articles … Continued


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PAPER: Right-wing supporters shared the most fake and junk news in the US

Who reads and shares most junk news? Researchers studied social media distribution of so-called junk news websites in the United States, during three months, between 20 October 2017 and 19 January 2018. On Twitter, a network of “Trump supporters” shared the widest range of known junk news sources, a data memo by the University of … Continued


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ARTICLE: Only 1 in 10 recognized native advertising

The consequences of native advertising can be a double-edged sword for publishers, a new research finds. Michelle A. Amazeen of Boston University, and Bartosz W. Wojdynski of the University of Georgia, studied the effects of disclosure design characteristics on readers’ ability to recognize such content as paid advertising. Researchers did an experiment with a representative … Continued



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ARTICLE: Journalism students receive inconsistent trauma training

Journalists often encounter traumatizing events, or victims thereof, in their work. These encounters can cause reporters to develop to symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, and cause additional damage to the already-traumatized victims. Hence journalism students should be prepared to recognize and deal with trauma – but are they receiving this training? Gretchen Dworznik, of Kent … Continued