ARTICLE: Conservative critique is “erased” from journalism history

Journalism historians often neglect conservative media critique, and this omission makes understanding the modern phenomenon of so-called “echo chambers” difficult, A. J. Bauer, of Ursinus College writes. Bauer’s recent essay details the rise of conservative media criticism between the 1940’s and 1974, when James Carey famously decried the lack of proper journalism critique in America. … Continued


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PAPER: Women are underrepresented as expert commentators and news subjects in India

Women are underrepresented in the news in India, a new essay by Reshma Patil of Oxford University, states. The author examined previous studies on the topic and looked at two primetime news debate shows presented by a senior male and female broadcast journalists. In the debates, male experts dominated the airtime on diverse topics, such … Continued


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ARTICLE: How do Norwegian news outlets report extremism?

How should news media deal with actors who promote views deemed anti-democratic and violent? Media have the democratic role of informing the public of anti-democratic and violent forces, and at the same time they should refrain from legitimizing and advancing extremist ideas and aims. In a new study, Anna Grøndahl Larsen of Oslo Metropolitan University … Continued


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ARTICLE: National policies affect terrorism coverage

National policies affect the way major broadcasters cover politically motivated violence, write Ying Roselyn Du, of Hong Kong Baptist University, and Lulu Li, of Chinese University of Hong Kong. The authors analysed 142 news stories on terrorist attacks, published online by the Chinese CCTV and the American CNN. The authors searched for news on two … Continued


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ARTICLE: US newspapers focus on mass shooters, not their victims

American newspapers’ front pages show more pictures of mass shooters than their victims, Nicole Smith Dahmen, of University of Oregon, writes. Dahmen studied the photographs on 3 821 front pages, published after three separate mass shootings. The mass shootings selected for the sample were the Virginia Tech shooting (2007), Sandy Hook elementary school shooting (2012) … Continued


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ARTICLE: Media coverage of Islam may affect radicalization

The way news cover Islam and Muslims has the potential to increase or decrease the likelihood of Islamist radicalization, an experiment conducted at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich suggests. Katharina Neumann, Florian Arendt and Philip Baugut first interviewed six former extremists (e.g. ISIS members), and then conducted a laboratory experiment with 194 self-identified Muslims … Continued


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ARTICLE: Compatriot newspapers covered the Euro crisis the same way

Could a common problem help create a shared public space that spans different, affected countries? Giovanni Barbieri and Marco Mazzoni, both of University of Perugia, with Donatella Campus, of University of Bologna, studied the question in the light of the recent “Euro Crisis” (author names not in original order). They analysed over 10 000 news … Continued


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ARTICLE: US national discourse has constructed China as a potential enemy ‘Other’

China is arguably the most important partner and rival for the United States. Su-Mei Ooi of Butler University, and Gwen D’Arcangelis of Skidmore College, look at the US news and political discourse about China, and how China is being ‘othered’. The researchers analyzed official policy documents, statistics and other texts along with news media articles … Continued


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ARTICLE: Writing about asylum seekers is permeated by tension

Journalists find it valuable to tell asylum seekers’ personal stories in order to show that they are humans “like us”, but telling those stories is not easy, write Mervi Pantti and Markus Ojala, both of University of Helsinki. The authors interviewed 24 Finnish journalists experienced with the topic, representing a total of 14 national, regional … Continued


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ARTICLE: Constructive journalism defined

News media’s tendency to focus on bad news can have many negative effects for news consumers. A new article proposes shifting focus from conflict and negativity to a more productive approach. Karen McIntyre, of Virginia Commonwealth University, and Cathrine Gyldensted of Open Eyes Institute, define the term constructive journalism and point out issues that show … Continued