Picture: No more words by Katie Tegtmeyer, license CC BY 2.0, cropped

ARTICLE: Index on Censorship advocating for freedom of expression

The magazine Index on Censorship has since 1972 provided a platform for identifying, highlighting and challenging censorship and abuses against freedom of expression. It has been one of the most important freedom of speech or anti-censorship publications in the world, a new study states. John Steel of the University of Sheffield, examined the inception and … Continued


ARTICLE: Conservative critique is “erased” from journalism history

Journalism historians often neglect conservative media critique, and this omission makes understanding the modern phenomenon of so-called “echo chambers” difficult, A. J. Bauer, of Ursinus College writes. Bauer’s recent essay details the rise of conservative media criticism between the 1940’s and 1974, when James Carey famously decried the lack of proper journalism critique in America. … Continued


Picture: Lion’s Head at dusk by Marcelo Novais, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: The moral panic about ‘fake news’ in South Africa

Proliferation of fake news websites and fake social media accounts have raised concerns also in South Africa. The phenomenon should not be understood outside of its particular contexts of production and consumption, writes Herman Wasserman of the University of Cape Town. The study provides an exploratory overview of different types of media output. A very … Continued


Picture: untitled by NASA, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Lessons from online newspapers from the early days of the web

Matthew S. Weber and Katherine Ognyanova of Rutgers University, and Allie Kosterich of Pace University, studied the patterns of hyperlinking to explain how online newspapers adapt to new technologies. The article looks at the years from 1996 to 2000 as a critical period of adaptation for newspapers on the Web. Mainstream news sites of 28 … Continued


REPORT: Small-market newspapers in the digital age

During the past decade, the fortunes of the newspaper industry changed dramatically, write Christopher Ali, of University of Virginia, and Damian Radcliffe, of University of Oregon. So far, in studying these developments, the researchers have focused on large national newspapers. But how are small-market newspapers responding to digital disruption? How can they best prepare for the future? The report is … Continued


Untitled by Lenka Sevcikova, licence CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: A brief history of journalists’ organisations in Czechoslovakia

An article by Markéta Ševčíková, an independent researcher, and Kaarle Nordenstreng, of University of Tampere, recounts the history of journalists’ organisations in former Czechoslovakia. Most notably, the country hosted the International Organization for Journalists (IOJ) – once the worlds leading journalists’ organisation. Ševčíková and Nordenstreng begin by summarizing Czechoslovakian history from its 1918 independence from … Continued



Newspapers in Japan and the role of personal contact - Kaori Hayashi interview

VIDEO: Newspapers in Japan and the role of personal contact

Kaori Hayashi, Professor of Media and Journalism Studies at the Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, the University of Tokyo, talked to us about Japanese newspapers. Due to the ageing society and changing media use of younger generations, the readership of newspapers is on the decline. Still, newspapers have a lot of influence in the … Continued


Post-industrial journalism in metropolitan newsrooms - Nikki Usher interview

VIDEO: Post-industrial journalism in metropolitan newsrooms

Nikki Usher, Assistant Professor at The George Washington University, told us about her work. She has recently finished a book called ‘Interactive Journalism’ (find info about the book behind this link). Usher’s current work will focus on post-industrial journalism in newsrooms, looking at the connection of material and digital production. She is asking whether journalism … Continued


Münchener Abkommen, Abreise von Daladier, photograph courtesy of the German Federal Archive, licence CC-BY-SA 3.0

ARTICLE: How the media prepared France for WW II

In a very short time France’s prime minister Édouard Daladier (1884-1970) was able to turn the public image of the country around – securing Great Britain as an ally right before the Second World War descended upon France. Media, especially newsreels and newspapers, was crucial in signalling the British of France’s capability as a war-time … Continued