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Picture: untitled by Christina Gottardi, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Institutional constraints cause varying forms of censorship towards critical journalism

Andrew Kennis of Universidad Iberoamericana, México, studied “whether institutional constraints are more powerful than standardized journalistic norms and practices in determining news content”, also looking at news media independence from poweful corporate and state interests in the United States. The author examines the theoretical tension between two models of media analysis – the indexing and … Continued


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ARTICLE: Most Kenyan journalists enjoy a fair amount of journalistic autonomy

Most Kenyan journalists feel they have freedom to decide what to include in news. Kioko Ireri, of United States International University Africa, conducted a survey in 2012-2013 with 504 Kenyan journalists working in various media, asking about news selection decisions, media freedom and autonomy. 59% of respondents believe there is enough media freedom in Kenya. … Continued


ARTICLE: Critical journalism is in deep trouble in China

As soon as Xi Jinping came to power as president of China in 2012, the control over freedom of expression and media was immediately tightened, writes Jingrong Tong, of Brunel University London. For example, all websites, blogs etc. had to apply for and obtain government permission before they could disseminate news information. The study analyses how … Continued


Picture: Pedestrian violence, by Surian Soosay, licence CC BY 2.0. Not related to Maseko's work.

ARTICLE: Art as an alternative form of journalism

The artist Owen Maseko’s 2010 exhibition in Bulawayo gallery in Zimbabwe critiqued the country’s 1980s genocide, during which more than 20 000 people were killed. The exhibition was banned immediately and Maseko arrested. No formal acknowledgement of the genocide has been made. A research article by Shepherd Mpofu, of the University of Johannesburg, looks at how … Continued


Picture: #Rwandaphotos by Mugisha Don de Dieu, license CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Reconstructing Rwanda through journalism

Since the 1994 Rwandan genocide, the country’s media landscape has changed dramatically. Karen McIntyre, of Virginia Commonwealth University and Meghan Sobel, of Regis University used qualitative interviews to figure out how Rwandan journalists view their roles today and whether they have contributed to the reconstruction and recovery of the country by practicing constructive journalism. Constructive … Continued


Picture: Untitled by Vladimir Chuchadeev, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Being a liberal journalist in contemporary Russia

It is problematic to apply Western-centric media system theories to contemporary neo-authoritarian Russia, in light of mechanisms used by the state to control the media and the country’s overall development, a new study finds. Vera Slavtcheva-Petkova, of the University of Chester, studied the conditions of liberal journalists in the country. The author conducted a semi-ethnographic … Continued


Disassemble by Euan Chalmers, licence CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

REPORT: So far 2016 has been the worst year for European journalism on this millenium

Journalists in Europe have been attacked over a thousand times since the beginning of the year 2000, a recent study found. A University of Vienna research team, led by Katharine Sarikakis, tallied the attacks until the end of 2016. According to the authors, last year has so far been the darkest for European journalists. In … Continued


REPORT: Far-right and populist threat to journalism is growing

Growing support for far-right and populist politicians presents a threat to journalism across Europe, writes Katharine Sarikakis, of University of Vienna. The study examines the state of journalism and press freedom within the context of the rise of far-right political parties in 12 European countries in the past five years . Impunity is commonplace when it … Continued


ARTICLE: Crisis in the relationship between Finnish media and politicians

On Friday November 25, 2016, the Finnish public broadcaster YLE published an online story that made Prime Minister Juha Sipilä lose his temper. YLE management reacts by scaling down coverage. As a consequence, journalists resign and accuse editorial leaders of limiting freedom of speech. In addition, in 2017 Finland lost its first place on Reporters without … Continued