ARTICLE: Uncivil reader comments increase support for authoritative restrictions

If a news article is followed by uncivil reader comments, other readers will become more permissive towards moderator or even police action against uncivil comments. Teresa K. Naab (University of Augsburg), Thorsten Naab (German Youth Institute) and Jonas Brandmeier (U. of Augsburg and U. of Erfurt) investigated the matter through an online experiment with 213 … Continued


ARTICLE: Autocracies are not the most dangerous places for journalists

Most journalists are killed in so-called “hybrid regimes”, Sallie Hughes, of University of Miami, and Yulia Vorobyeva, of Florida International University, found. They came to the conclusion after analyzing all journalists’ deaths on record from the past quarter century. The Committee to Protect Journalists’ database includes 1 812 journalists’ deaths from 1992-2016. Most of these … Continued


Picture: Jakarta Indonesia by 12019, license CC0 1.0

ARTICLE: Using English greatly influenced Jakarta Post’s journalism

The language of publication affects the narratives a journalistic interpretive community develops to position itself as a news authority, a new study argues. John C. Carpenter and Sujatha Sosale, of the University of Iowa, studied anniversary edition news articles of Jakarta Post, Indonesia’s largest English-language news outlet, from its 35-year-long history. They also interviewed 13 … Continued


Picture: Prime Minister Narendra Modi by narendramodiofficial, license CC BY-SA 2.0

ARTICLE: Challenging the political elite remains restricted in India

The relationship between the news media and individuals of the political elite in India can be conceptualized as ‘contingent heteronomy’, a new study argues. Swati Maheshwari and Colin Sparks, of Hong Kong Baptist University, studied how authoritative and populist leaders like the Gandhis and Modi manipulate media power in the country. They interviewed 40 journalists … Continued


ARTICLE: How activist citizen journalists fight state surveillance in Turkey

Since the failed coup in 2016, the Turkish state has increased surveillance of activists and journalists. How do activist citizen journalists manage their work in such an increasingly hostile environment? Bora Ataman and Barış Çoban, both of Doğuş University, interviewed 22 activist citizen journalists and representatives of alternative new media initiatives, all working in Istanbul, … Continued


Picture: No more words by Katie Tegtmeyer, license CC BY 2.0, cropped

ARTICLE: Index on Censorship advocating for freedom of expression

The magazine Index on Censorship has since 1972 provided a platform for identifying, highlighting and challenging censorship and abuses against freedom of expression. It has been one of the most important freedom of speech or anti-censorship publications in the world, a new study states. John Steel of the University of Sheffield, examined the inception and … Continued


Picture: Channel by Mike Cartmell, license CC BY 2.0

ARTICLE: Alternative narratives of journalism in crisis from Singapore and Hong Kong

Much research on the crisis of journalism has been done in the Anglo-American context. Less is known about alternative media systems. Shangyuan Wu of Nanyang Technological University, examined Singapore and Hong Kong. These ‘global cities’ are exposed to Western liberal ideals but are still under a sort of authoritarian control. The research used a framework … Continued


REPORT: Media and democracy in sub-Saharan Africa

Democracy and press freedom have been natural companions, but the relationship between the two has been closely entwined in sub-Saharan Africa, write Herman Wasserman,  and Nicholas Benequista, both of Centre for Film and Media Studies (CIMA), University of Cape Town.  The report sheds light on how the struggle for vibrant, independent, and plural media systems in … Continued


Picture: Wall Street Journal Corporate Headquarters by John Wisniewski, license CC BY-ND 2.0

ARTICLE: Change of ownership increased political content in the front pages of Wall Street Journal

Relatively more political stories were being promoted after Rupert Murdoch took over the Wall Street Journal (WSJ), a study by Allison M. Archer, of the University of Richmond, and Joshua Clinton, of Vanderbilt University, shows. They examined how ownership influences media behavior by researching the impact of Murdoch’s purchase of the newspaper in August 2007. … Continued