As a third of the Swedish journalists have received threats and majority have received insulting comments, intimidation and harassment have become a common element of journalists daily work, write Monica Löfgren Nilsson and Henrik Örnebring
According to the article the intimidation and harassment of journalists can be categorized as exclusionary or inclusionary. Exclusionary violence is meant to prevent media attention toward certain groups and ideas. Inclusionary violence instead is a way to try to impose a different news agenda on the media.
Results show that intimidation and harassment constitute an effective way to silence journalists, even in stable democratic society like Sweden. Writers argue that it is time to add the dimension of external pressure and threats to the discussion of journalistic autonomy.
Article Journalism Under Threat, Intimidation and harassment of Swedish journalists is published online by Journalism Practice and it is available here.
Picture: 366 – 350: You can’t shut me up by Jennifer Moo, licence: CC BY-ND 2.0